MILLIONS of women are at risk of a silent killer cancer due to a drop in testing, data has revealed.
Figures published by NHS Digital show that a total of 5.12m individuals were invited for screening for cervical cancer in 2021-22.
However, just 3.5m women actually attended appointments for screening – meaning many are at risk of illness.
Cervical cancer causes around 853 deaths each year in the UK with over 3,000 cases being recorded, Cancer Research UK states.
It’s referred to as a silent killer, as it often presents no symptoms in its early stages.
While the number of tests carried out has increased by 15 per cent on last year, coverage was seen to be the lowest in those aged 25 to 49, decreasing to 67.6 per cent from 69 per cent in 2021.
One charity has warned that more awareness is needed to save lives.
Samantha Dixon, chief executive, Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust said that cervical screening provides an opportunity to stop cervical cancer from developing.
“While it’s positive more women were tested in the previous year, overall the number who are up to date has fallen.
“In addition to the need to increase awareness, we need to innovate and look to new solutions such as self-sampling to make this potentially life-saving test easier to access.
“The impact of the pandemic and ongoing NHS pressures have had a significant impact and we often hear from women struggling to get screening appointments and experiencing delays in results or follow up tests.
“There are many reasons screening can be difficult, and we must focus on removing these barriers.”
Earlier this year, figures also revealed that nearly a third of eligible people aged between 25 and 64 were not screened.
The new report, published by NHS Digital today also found that in the 50 to 64 age group, coverage was highest at 74.6 per cent, slightly down from 74.7 per cent in 2021.
The 4 signs of cervical cancer you need to know
The NHS says that there are certain symptoms you should look out for when it comes to cervical cancer.
- Bleeding that’s unusual for you – including between sex or between your periods
- Changes to vaginal discharge
- Pain during sex
- Pain in your lower back, between your hip bones or in your lower tummy.
However, guidance states that if you have another condition like fibroids or endometriosis, you may get symptoms like these regularly.
You should always see your GP if you are worried or concerned.
Regional coverage differed across the country, but experts at the NHS said that statistics may have been affected by the Covid pandemic.
During this time, women were still encouraged to go to their GP for their smear tests.
But fears around the bug prevented many people from going for the life-saving checks.
The screening isn’t testing for cancer but is a test which helps prevent it, the NHS states.
It checks the health of your cervix and all women aged 25 to 64 should be invited by letter.
During the appointment a small sample of cells will be taken from your cervix.
This is then checked for certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) that can cause changes to the cells of your cervix.
If dangerous types are detected you will be referred for further tests.
If you’re worried about any of your symptoms then you should see your GP.
In the event of an emergency, always call 999.